Good morning! I have a pretty long list of things to cover in this edition of French Connection, so lets get started! One note: I have to do some more research and confirm information on conjugating IR verbs, so that will be featured in a future episode.
Here is what I’ll be covering today:
- Conjugating ER and RE verbs (a review from previous editions, done right)
- Writing RE and IR verbs in the past tense, and how to do so
- A brief introduction into irregular verbs and their past tense forms
When I mention an ER, RE or IR verb, I am speaking of verbs that end in that particular ending in their infinitive (original form, usually preluded by to ___, such as to dance)
Remember, it wouldn’t make sense to say Je danser. The verb danser, which is an ER verb, means (precisely) to dance. Therefore, by saying Je danser, we are essentially saying “I to dance”. To fix this, we have to change the verb (or conjugate it) into it’s appropriate pronoun.
In French, we use six basic pronouns, and each have their own specific conjugations. The six that we use are: Je (I), Tu (You, informal), Il/Elle/On (He/She/One), Nous (We), Vous (You, plural or formal) and Ils/Elles (They).
Note: Il/Elle/On share the same conjugation, and Its/Elles share the same conjugation. When we use the pronoun Ils, we are speaking of a group that contains at least one male. When we use the pronoun Elles, we are speaking of a group that contains all females.
How To Conjugate An -ER Verb
In any verb, to conjugate it into it’s pronoun form, you first remove the ending. Let’s take chanter, another ER verb that means to sing. After removing the -er ending, you are left with chant. The step we just practiced applies to every pronoun, though the letters that we replace the ending with depend on the pronoun.
For Je, we simple add an e at the end. To say I sing, we take the pronoun (je), followed by the verb chanter, which we remove the -er ending from (chant), and then add an e (change). (Je chante)
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