Good morning, and welcome to the beginning of the fall edition of 12 and Beyond’s original series, French Connection.
While the first week or so of French encompassed review of the previous year, we soon started work on our first unit: Beauty & Daily Routine. That, along with reflexive verbs, is today’s topic. Other than that, I don’t have anything else to share regarding this week’s French Class recap.
Read on for more of this lesson!
A verb can be used in countless ways. Take the verb brosser (to brush). You can brush your sister’s hair, you could have brushed hair in the past tense, or will brush in the future, you could very well be brushing hair right now (that would be weird though), or you could be brushing your own hair.
Reflexive verbs are verbs that you do to yourself, like brushing your own teeth, washing your hands, waking yourself up, getting yourself dressed, etc. In French, we change the format of our sentences when using reflexive verbs. After the pronoun of a sentence (i.e.) je, the speaker adds a
extra word reflexive pronoun to show that they are performing the verb on themselves. Here’s how it breaks down, depending on the pronoun:
For example, if I were to say, He brushes his teeth (brosser les dents), I would add a “se” after the Il. In French, this sentence would write Il se brosse les dents. Note- standard verb conjugation rules apply, based on the pronoun and verb.
Yes, it is possible for, if you were to say “we wash ourselves”, the translation would be nous nous lavons. Remember- conjugate the verb to the right pronoun!clicking here.
Beauty and Routine Vocabulary
I realize that I used some new vocabulary in the previous section, so let me give you the whole list here:
Now before I continue, I wanted to note that whenever you see “se” on this list, it means the following verb is reflexive- and you replace “se” with each
phrase reflexive pronoun from the blue table above.
Try to say se sècher les cheveux- it’s a tongue twister! Here’s a few things to add- to make a sentence negative, as if to say “I am not drying my hair” you put “ne” before the se-phrase ______ (verb), and “pas” right after. For example, “Je ne me sèche les cheveux pas”.
To talk in the future tense, you add the form of the verb “aller” after the pronoun but before the
se-phrase reflexive pronoun, like in Je vais me laver. (I’m going to wash myself). To talk in the past tense, you’ll want to refer to this post and conjugate the verb as normal.
I have a few more phrases to give to you though. These are words such as “first, then, finally” that you can use when describing your daily routine. You simply put them before the pronoun of a sentence, in the format first, I wash myself.
For words like while, you might say “I take a shower while my mom prepares breakfast”, which translates to “Pendant que ma mere prepare le petit-dejeuner, je prend une douche.”
Everything I talked about during this lesson is so important when communicating in French- and if you’d like to study off of it, I’ve prepared a Quizlet based on the vocabulary above. You can access it through my “Quizlet” page at the top of the blog, or you can take the short was by simply clicking clicking here.
Thanks so much for reading! Another French Connection post releases in two weeks.
Edit: October 4, 2017 @ 5:07pm EST